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Dynamic Cypress Tests

Planted 02021-06-10

Cypress is a tool for fast, easy, and reliable testing for anything that runs in a browser.

Developers utilize Cypress for End-to-end (E2E) testing. E2E tests tell the browser what to do, what to click, what to type, and test assertions.

Front-end testing is for everyone.

I wanted to set up automatic tests for every API route in a Next.js project.

To set up automatic tests for every API route, I needed a way to access every file in the /api folder, including files contained in subfolders.

Looking through the Cypress documentation, You can execute code in Node via the task plugin event: cy.task().

After fiddling with that for a bit, I eventually realized you couldn’t create dynamic tests with cy.task() without statically setting how many tests it will create. I want the number of tests to grow as I write more API routes, so this method doesn’t work.

I eventually realized you couldn’t ask for this kind of data from within the test.

So, next, I set the data as an environment variable when we initially run Cypress. And that worked.

I think the best method might be to store it in a separate JSON file as a fixture when we initially run Cypress.

// plugins/index.js
const fs = require('fs');
const walk = function (dir) {
  let results = [];
  const list = fs.readdirSync(dir);
  list.forEach(function (file) {
    file = dir + '/' + file;
    const stat = fs.statSync(file);
    if (stat && stat.isDirectory()) {
      /* Recurse into a subdirectory */
      results = results.concat(walk(file));
    } else {
      /* Is a file */
      if (!file.includes('[')) {
        results.push(file.substring(0, file.length - 3).split('./pages')[1]);
  return results;


module.exports = (on, config) => {
    // …
// api_spec.js
describe('API locked', () => {
  const apiRoutes = require('../fixtures/apiroutes');

  apiRoutes.forEach((route) => {
    const titleForTest = `Test API ${route}`;
    it(titleForTest, () => {
        url: 'http://localhost:3000' + route,
        failOnStatusCode: false
      }).then((response) => {
        // write API route tests
        // expect(response.status).to.eq(200);

Cypress example recipes for dynamic tests.