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Starting Python Development

First, I’m currently running an Intel Mac.

I’ve done a few small python scripts before but I don’t remember a key thing. How do you even use python?

Mac comes with python–but you’ll want to install a separate and newer version. This means you’ll have two different (but functional) Python installs on your computer, so consistent paths and usages are important.

Installing Python 3 on Mac OS X

We can install python using the Mac package manager Homebrew.

But we’ll want to set the path for it in our terminal profile.

Mac moved from bash to zsh as the default command line shell. You can open the zsh profile in TextEdit: open -a TextEdit ~/.zshrc

The code here is run whenever a new terminal window is created. You can add a custom welcome message by writing in echo "Welcome"

But we want to have: export PATH="/usr/local/opt/python/libexec/bin:$PATH"

The Command line path:

  • # is a comment.
  • PATH= sets the value of the PATH variable
  • $PATH expands to the current value
  • export at the beginning makes the value available to programs you run from the terminal

Then we can:

  • Install python with: brew install python
  • Check our version with: python --version
  • Check our python path with where python
  • View out python base and site with python -m site
  • Now we have python installed!

Pip

Homebrew installed Pip for us. Pip is the package manager for python.

  • Check pip version with: pip --version
  • Get list of packages installed with: pip list

Virtualenv

Pipenv

Pipenv is a dependency manager used to create a virtual environment for each project to manage their individual dependencies.

  • Node.js: npm
  • Ruby: bundler
  • Python: pipenv

Install Pipenv with pip install --user pipenv

As this is a user install (to prevent any system-wide packages from breaking) we need to add two lines to our profile:

  1. PYTHON_BIN_PATH="$(python3 -m site --user-base)/bin"
  2. export PATH="$PATH:$PYTHON_BIN_PATH"

Now we can check the pipenv version with pipenv --version

Django

We can install Django globally with: python -m pip install Django

And then we can create a new Django project with: django-admin startproject djangotestsite

And then:

  • Change directory to the project: cd djangotestsite
  • Open in VS Code: code .

We can start the project server by running: http://127.0.0.1:8000/