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Ten Thousand

Planted 02023-05-11

Every day there are, on average, 10,000 people in the US hearing about it for the first time.

Semantic relations

I’ve long known about synonym and antonym. I’ve never heard about any of these other semanic relations though.

Relation Description Example
Synonymy the same pretty and attractive are synonyms
Antonymy the opposite up and down are antonyms
Hypernymy superordinate animal is a hypernym of mammal
Hyponymy subordinate dog is a hyponym of mammal
Meronymy part bark is a meronym of tree
Holonymy part of itself forest is a holonym of tree, body → arm → elbow
Troponymy a particular way trim and slice, slide and spin, snack and nibble
Coordinate term shared hypernym man and woman share various hypernyms (human, person, adult)



Originally, the word dashboard applied to a barrier of wood or leather fixed at the front of a horse-drawn carriage or sleigh to protect the driver from mud or other debris “dashed up” (thrown up) by the horses’ hooves. – [Wikipedia] (

Tomato ketchup

I noticed some ketchup packets said “tomato ketchup” and got curious why it needed to specify tomato. The obvious and correct answer is that ketchup used to be made with things other than tomatoes like fermented mushrooms or walnuts.